Why Do We Study International Trade And Agreements
Another aspect of the new theory of trade is that no matter in which countries they specialize, the most important thing is to continue specialization, which allows firms to benefit from economies of scale that outweigh most other factors. Sometimes countries specialize in certain industries for no primary reason – this can only be a historical accident. But this specialization makes it possible to improve efficiency. For high value-added products, multinationals often divide the production process into a global production system. For example, Apple designs its computers in the United States, but attributes production to Asian factories. Trade allows a product to have multiple domestic sources. In automotive production, the production process is often even more global, as the engines, tires, design and marketing potentially come from different countries. The holy grail for any business and something that has long been missing in our manufacturing industry – more trade abroad = increased growth opportunities that benefit both your business and our economy as a whole. I am glad you talked about the importance of international trade and why it is good to take advantage of other countries that have a large number of commodities to trade. To my knowledge, international trade helps our economy as much as others. Thank you for the information on how international trade offers people the choice between differentiated products such as cars, music and movies.
The advantage of such bilateral or regional agreements is that they promote greater trade between the parties. They can also accelerate the liberalization of world trade when multilateral negotiations run into difficulties. Recalcitrant countries that are excluded from bilateral agreements and therefore do not participate in the resulting increase in trade can then be persuaded to join them and eliminate their own trade barriers. Proponents of these agreements have called this process „competitive liberalization,“ which challenges countries to break down trade barriers to keep up with other countries. For example, shortly after the implementation of NAFTA, the EU sought a free trade agreement with Mexico and eventually signed it to ensure that European products do not suffer a competitive disadvantage in the Mexican market as a result of NAFTA.  For a discussion of the TPP working regulations, see Cimino-Isaacs (2016). For a more general discussion of the mega-regional trade agreements in the TPP, Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) and WTO negotiations, see Bown (in preparation). One of the difficulties of the WTO system has been the problem of maintaining and expanding the liberal global trading system in recent years. .